US National Security Advisor John Bolton has been fired by the US President Donald Trump, the 55th White House employee to be sacked or to resign, in what many believe is the highest number of departures in any US President’s tenure.
“Where there is public disagreement like that and it keeps going on from one issue to another, I do think there is a cumulative effect on the human psyche and it probably leads to less communication,” General Jack Keane, the former US Army vice chief of staff who talks frequently with the president and other senior administration officials, told Politico.
Both Trump and Bolton, who served in high-level positions in the administrations of presidents Ronald Reagan, George H.W. Bush and George W. Bush, had firm and conflicting views on a number of national security issues. The conflict proved irreconcilable. There’s even conflict over whether 70-year-old Bolton resigned, as he says, or whether Trump, 73, as he says, told him to resign.
I offered to resign last night and President Trump said, "Let's talk about it tomorrow."
— John Bolton (@AmbJohnBolton) September 10, 2019
….I asked John for his resignation, which was given to me this morning. I thank John very much for his service. I will be naming a new National Security Advisor next week.
— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) September 10, 2019
Bolton is the third National Security Advisor to be dismissed in Trump’s reign. NBC reports that Trump reached out to Bolton’s predecessor, retired Lieutenant General H.R. McMaster, who Trump sacked, as his relationship with Bolton deteriorated.
McMaster succeeded retired Lieutenant General Michael Flynn as National Security Advisor on 17 February. He remained on active duty as a lieutenant general while serving as National Security Advisor. He resigned as National Security Advisor on 22 March 2018. Flynn was in a Virginia courtroom on Tuesday (US time) for a hearing ahead of his sentencing in December after pleading guilty in December 2017 to a charge of lying to the FBI about his conversations with the Russian ambassador to the US, Sergey Kislyak. Flynn’s tenure of just 24 days is the shortest in the office’s history.
There have been 55 major departures from the Trump administration from 2017 to 2019 and Michael Kruse wrote in Politico that Trump is both impulsive and intuitive, for better and for worse. He hires on gut instinct rather than qualifications; he listens to others, but not as much or as often as he listens to himself. Trump’s ego continues to swell and his patience is near non-existence, intensifying his tendencies toward imperiousness and impetuousness.
White House Chief of Staff Reince Priebus, White House Communications Director Anthony Scaramucci, and Secretary of Health and Human Services Tom Price have the shortest-service tenures in the history of their respective offices. Scaramucci and Trump have continued a bitter war of words ever since.
— Anthony Scaramucci (@Scaramucci) August 20, 2019
It’s Sunday morning. A devastating hurricane is approaching. A gunman just slaughtered innocents in Texas. But the President of the United States is wasting time airing personal grievances and live-Tweeting Fox. Narcissism is not leadership. America deserves better.
— James Comey (@Comey) September 1, 2019
The sackings/resignations are:
- John Bolton, National Security Adviser: Fired 10 September
- Jason Greenblatt, Special Envoy for Middle East Peace: Resignation announced 5 September
- Dan Coats, Director of National Iintelligence: Resigned 28 July
- R. Alexander Acosta, Labor Secretary: Resigned 12 July
- Patrick M. Shanahan, Acting Secretary of Defence: Announced resignation 18 June
- Sarah Huckabee Sanders, White House Press Secretary: Announced resignation 13 June
- Rod J. Rosenstein, Deputy US Attorney General: Resignation effective 11 May
- Randolph D. Alles, Director of the Secret Service: Resigned April 8
- Kirstjen Nielsen, Homeland Security Secretary: Resigned 7 April
- Linda E. McMahon, Administrator of the Small Business Administration: Resignation announced 29 March
- *Bill Shine, Deputy Chief of Staff for Communications: Resigned 8 March to manage Trump’s communications operation
- Heather Wilson, Air Force Secretary: Resignation announced 8 March
- Brock Long, Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency: Resignation announced 13 February
- Raj Shah, Principal Deputy Press Secretary: Resigned 5 January
- Jim Mattis, Secretary of Defence: Resignation announced 20 December 2018
- Ryan Zinke, Secretary of Interior: Resignation announced 15 December
- Nick Ayers, Chief of Staff to Vice President Mike Pence: Resignation announced 9 December
- John F. Kelly, White House Chief of Staff: Resignation announced 8 December
- Jeff Sessions, US Attorney General: Fired 7 November
Nikki Haley was the US Ambassador to the UN until she resigned abruptly.
- Nikki Haley, US Ambassador to the United Nations: Resignation announced 9 October
- Donald McGahn, White House Counsel: Resignation announced 29 August
- Nikki Haley, US ambassador to the United Nations: Resignation announced 9 October
- Scott Pruitt, Environmental Protection Agency Administrator: Resignation announced 5 July
- Joseph W. Hagin, Deputy Chief of Staff: Resignation announced 19 June 19
- Major General Ricky Waddell, Deputy National Security Adviser: Resignation announced 12 April
- Nadia Schadlow, Deputy National Security Adviser for Strategy: Resignation announced 11 April
- Thomas Bossert, Homeland Security Department Adviser: Resigned 10 April
- Michael Anton, National Security Council Spokesman: Resigned 8 April
- Rex Tillerson, Secretary of State: Fired on 13 March
- Hope Hicks, White House Communications Director: Resigned 29 March
- David Shulkin, Secretary of Veterans Affairs: Fired 28 March
Lieutenant General H. R. McMaster was Trump’s second National Security Advisor.
- Lieutenant General H. R. McMaster, National Security Adviser: Resignation announced 22 March
- Andrew McCabe, Deputy Director of the FBI: Fired 16 March
- Rick Dearborn, White House Deputy Chief of Staff: Resigned 16 March
- John McEntee, Trump’s Personal Aide: Resigned 12 March
- Gary Cohn, Director of White House National Economic Council: Resignation announced 6 March
- Rachel Brand, Associate US Attorney General: Resigned 9 February
- David Sorensen, White House Speechwriter: Resigned 9 February
- Rob Porter, White House Staff Secretary: Resigned 7 February
- Brenda Fitzgerald, Director of the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention: Resigned 31 January
- Carl Higbie, Chief of External Affairs for Corporation for National and Community Service: Resigned 18 January
- Omarosa Manigault Newman, Director of Communications for the White House Office of Public Liaison: Fired 13 December 2017
- Dina Powell, Deputy National Security Adviser for Strategy: Resignation announced 8 December
- Tom Price, Secretary of Health and Human Services: Resigned 29 September
- Keith Schiller, Director of Oval Office Operations: Resigned 20 September
- Sebastian Gorka, Adviser to Trump: Resigned 25 August
- George Sifakis, Director of White House Office of Public Liaison: Resignation announced 18 August
- Stephen Bannon, Chief Strategist to Trump: Resigned 18 August
- Anthony Scaramucci, White House Communications Director: Fired 31 July
- Reince Priebus, White House Chief of Staff: Resigned 28 July
- Sean Spicer, White House Press Secretary: Resigned 21 July
- Mike Dubke, White House Communications Director: Resigned 2 June
- K.T. McFarland, Deputy National Security Adviser: Resigned 19 May
- James Comey, Director of the FBI: Fired 9 May
- Katie Walsh, White House Deputy Chief of Staff: Resigned 30 March
- Michael T. Flynn, National Security Adviser: Resigned 13 February
*Moved to another position in the White House.